Describe the basic pathophysiology of multiple sclerosis and how it leads to the common cognitive, emotional, and physical symptoms.
List at least one theory of for the etiology of multiple sclerosis.
Describe at least two facts about the epidemiology of MS.
Understanding the basic pathophysiology of MS can help psychologists and mental health providers understand the etiology of these cognitive and emotional symptoms that are so pertinent and relevant to psychological assessment and treatment.
Additionally, it is helpful for mental health providers to understand the basic epidemiology and theories of etiology around multiple sclerosis to adequately address:
- unhelpful or inaccurate thought patterns (e.g., guilt or self-blame for contracting the disease or worry about passing the disease to offspring),
- identify and address health behaviors that could increase the risk of developing MS or leading to faster progression (e.g., smoking), and
- correct misinformation about the racial and ethnic make-up of those that develop MS.
Consume Course Content the Way YOU Learn Best - Podcast, Transcript, or YouTube Video
What is MS? Post-Test Assessment
What is MS? Course Evaluation
BONUS Content - Resource Page for Your Clinical Practice
About this course
Ramagopalan, S. V., Dobson, R., Meier, U. C., & Giovannoni, G. (2010). Multiple sclerosis: risk factors, prodromes, and potential causal pathways. The Lancet. Neurology, 9(7), 727–739. https://doi-org.proxy1.library.jhu.edu/10.1016/S1474-4422(10)70094-6
Degelman, M. L., & Herman, K. M. (2017). Smoking and multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis using the Bradford Hill criteria for causation. Multiple sclerosis and related disorders, 17, 207–216. https://doi-org.proxy1.library.jhu.edu/10.1016/j.msard.2017.07.020
Thompson, A. J., Banwell, B. L., Barkhof, F., Carroll, W. M., Coetzee, T., Comi, G., Correale, J., Fazekas, F., Filippi, M., Freedman, M. S., Fujihara, K., Galetta, S. L., Hartung, H. P., Kappos, L., Lublin, F. D., Marrie, R. A., Miller, A. E., Miller, D. H., Montalban, X., Mowry, E. M., … Cohen, J. A. (2018). Diagnosis of multiple sclerosis: 2017 revisions of the McDonald criteria. The Lancet. Neurology, 17(2), 162–173. https://doi-org.proxy1.library.jhu.edu/10.1016/S1474-4422(17)30470-2
Alschuler KN, Whibley D, Kratz AL, Jensen MP, Wundes A, von Geldern G, Qian P, Bombardier CH, Ehde DM. Quality of life in individuals newly diagnosed with multiple sclerosis or clinically isolated syndrome. J Neurol. 2021 Oct 19. doi: 10.1007/s00415-021-10842-w. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34665331.
Celius, E. G., Thompson, H., Pontaga, M., Langdon, D., Laroni, A., Potra, S., Bharadia, T., Yeandle, D., Shanahan, J., van Galen, P., Alexandri, N., & Kesselring, J. (2021). Disease Progression in Multiple Sclerosis: A Literature Review Exploring Patient Perspectives. Patient preference and adherence, 15, 15–27. https://doi-org.proxy1.library.jhu.edu/10.2147/PPA.S268829
Empathie, LLC is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. Empathie, LLC maintains responsibility for this program and its content.
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06/14/2022 – 06/14/2023. Social workers completing this course receive 1.5 continuing education credit.
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COMPLETE COURSE CONTENT in one of 3 ways:
• Listen to the corresponding course podcast by streaming it on the webpage, downloading the audio file, or listening to it on your favorite podcast provider.
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TAKE THE POST-TEST assessment and achieve a passing grade of at least 75%
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CE credits require a post-test assessment. The assessment is untimed and provided in writing on the course website. However, for individuals with visual impairments, or those that may benefit from an orally presented post-test and program evaluation, contact us. We will work with you to find an alternative option for completing the course post-test and program evaluation.
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POST TEST RETAKE POLICY
You are allotted 3 retries to achieve the acceptable 75% passing grade.
This course is intended for psychologists and social workers.
It is also appropriate for mental health counselors and therapists.
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Multiple Sclerosis: Not Just a White Woman's Disease
MS was considered a disease that impacts white women. However, data suggests a higher incidence of MS in Black women. We will explore MS in racial and ethnic minorities & mental health provider's role in promoting equity and eliminating disparities.
Multiple Sclerosis: Individual and Group Mood Interventions
Up to half of individuals living with MS will experience symptoms of depression. However, not every bad mood is depression. In this episode we will learn the difference between a diagnosable emotional disorder and normal fluctuations in mood.
Multiple Sclerosis: Employment & Disability
This three-part podcast course will help you guide your patients through a tricky maze of employment issues - from the time they are diagnosed with MS to deciding to leave the workforce.