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Upon completion of this course, participants will be able to:

  • Differentiate between the different types of MS disease modifying medications. 

  • Be able to describe the difference between disease modifying medications and symptom management in multiple sclerosis. 

  • Identify at least two common treatment barriers and strategies for helping your patients overcome them. 

Course Summary

Adherence to disease-modifying treatments (DMT), as well as health-promoting behaviors, can have a major impact on prognosis and clinical outcomes in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS).

However, some studies demonstrate poor adherence, especially for injectable DMTs (only 41-88%). It is important for the psychologist treating an individual with multiple sclerosis to understand the different types of DMTs (e.g., injectable vs. oral vs. infusions). They should also understand barriers that may impact uptake or adherence, such as needle phobia, or worry about severe side effects such as progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) infection. Helping patients understand "shared decision making" in regard to medication, could lead to increased adherence due to an increased sense of agency with the chosen medication.

This course will teach psychologists and mental health providers about the different types of DMTs used by individuals with MS, common barriers to adherence, and the concept of patient-provider shared decision making.

Course Curriculum

Created & Published: January 20, 2022

    1. Course Instructions

    2. Consume Course Content the Way YOU Learn Best - Podcast, Transcript, or YouTube Video

    3. How is MS Treated? Post-Test Assessment

    4. How is MS Treated? Course Evaluation

    5. BONUS Content - Resource Page for Your Clinical Practice

About this course

  • $20.00


Clinical Psychologist Aviva Gaskill, PhD, PLLC

Dr. Gaskill received her PhD in Clinical Psychology with Health Emphasis at the Ferkauf Graduate School of Psychology in 2011. She is a licensed Clinical Psychologist in the states of PA and NY. Dr. Gaskill has worked with children, adults and older adults in various settings including inpatient, partial, residential, outpatient programs, sub-acute rehabilitation, long-term care, university counseling, primary care, Veterans Affairs centers, as well as in private practice. She has extensive experience helping individuals cope with acute, terminal, and chronic medical problems including cancer, pain, insomnia, Parkinsons and multiple sclerosis as well as others. Dr. Gaskill is a graduate of the New York State Psychological Association's Leadership Institute. She previously served on the board of the Westchester Group Psychotherapy Society and is an active member and volunteer in the American Group Psychotherapy Association and Pennsylvania Psychological Association. She is a designated Partner in MS Care from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society.

Medical Director, Andrew C. Carlos Multiple Sclerosis Institute Ben W. Thrower, MD

Ben Thrower, M.D., is the medical director of the Andrew C. Carlos MS Institute at Shepherd Center. He previously served as the medical director of the Holy Family Multiple Sclerosis Institute in Spokane, Wash. In Spokane, he was the chair of the Inland Northwest Chapter of the NMSS. In 2000, he was awarded the Norm Cohn Hope Chest Award by the National MS Society, recognizing his work with the MS community. In 2005, he was the first physician inductee into the Georgia Chapter of the National MS Society Volunteer Hall of Fame. Dr. Thrower is a clinical instructor of neurology at Emory University and participates actively in clinical research. He serves on the board of directors of the Georgia Chapter of the National MS Society and has served on the board for the Consortium of Multiple Sclerosis Institutes. Combining his professional interests with his love of motorcycles, he founded the non-profit organization HAMS, Hogs Against MS. His wife, Karen, is a pediatrician. They have three children, Stephanie, Nathan and Sam.

Founder of The MS Show podcast & Multiple Success Bron Webster

Bron Webster is many things – blogger, podcast creator/host, entrepreneur – but above all, she is committed. Bron is an expert in MS patient advocacy who works with a leading university in the UK and their neurology medical students, so she's used to representing the MS community with a ‘no agenda’ approach. Bron was diagnosed with MS in 1996 and is still mobile (though much slower these days). She also has 3 members of her family living with MS (1 blood-relative and 2 in-law relatives). She also had a brush with cancer (salivary gland, very rare) in 2014, so it’s fair for her to say this: “I’m a survivor!” Bron is the creator, host and producer of a new podcast about MS, The MS Show.

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Find Empathy Education is Based in Research

  • Menzin, J., Caon, C., Nichols, C., White, L. A., Friedman, M., & Pill, M. W. (2013). Narrative review of the literature on adherence to disease-modifying therapies among patients with multiple sclerosis. Journal of managed care pharmacy : JMCP, 19(1 Suppl A), S24–S40.

  • Johnson, K. M., Zhou, H., Lin, F., Ko, J. J., & Herrera, V. (2017). Real-World Adherence and Persistence to Oral Disease-Modifying Therapies in Multiple Sclerosis Patients Over 1 Year. Journal of managed care & specialty pharmacy, 23(8), 844–852.

  • Thach, A. V., Brown, C. M., Herrera, V., Sasane, R., Barner, J. C., Ford, K. C., & Lawson, K. A. (2018). Associations Between Treatment Satisfaction, Medication Beliefs, and Adherence to Disease-Modifying Therapies in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis. International journal of MS care, 20(6), 251–259.

  • Ben-Zacharia, A., Adamson, M., Boyd, A., Hardeman, P., Smrtka, J., Walker, B., & Walker, T. (2018). Impact of Shared Decision Making on Disease-Modifying Drug Adherence in Multiple Sclerosis. International journal of MS care, 20(6), 287–297.

Approved CE Provider

Empathie, LLC is approved by the American Psychological Association to sponsor continuing education for psychologists. Empathie, LLC maintains responsibility for this program and its content.

Find Empathy has been approved by NBCC as an Approved Continuing Education Provider, ACEP No. 7257. Programs that do not qualify for NBCC credit are clearly identified. Find Empathy is solely responsible for all aspects of the programs.
Find Empathy, #1817, is approved as an ACE provider to offer social work continuing education by the Association of Social Work Boards (ASWB) Approved Continuing Education (ACE) program. Regulatory boards are the final authority on courses accepted for continuing education credit. ACE provider approval period:
 06/14/2022 – 06/14/2023.   Social workers completing this course receive 1 continuing education credit.

How to Take this Course & Criteria to Receive CE Credit

To obtain a certificate of completion for continuing education credits associated with this course, please follow the following steps:

  • ENROLL in this course and create an Empathy account

  • COMPLETE COURSE CONTENT in one of 3 ways:
    • Listen to the corresponding course podcast by streaming it on the webpage, downloading the audio file, or listening to it on your favorite podcast provider.
    • Read the podcast transcript, in its entirety
    • Watch podcast video on YouTube

  • TAKE THE POST-TEST assessment and achieve a passing grade of at least 75%

  • Complete the COURSE EVALUATION

Remember, full attendance is required for all CE activities. This means you will be asked to certify that you listened, watched, or read the entire podcast episode.

Once you have completed the above steps, your course certificate will automatically populate for download and will automatically be sent to the email linked to your account. It can be downloaded immediately and will be available for future download.


It is absolutely critical that our program exemplifies accessibility for all participants.

We seek to ensure all participants are able to fully, equally, and independently access the educational content. Our goal is to have a website that is perceivable, operable, understandable, and robust. If you have any difficulty navigating the website, we want to know! Please contact us at

While our educational offerings are primarily in podcast format, we also provide a written transcript for each course. It will be available on the course landing page and available for download in PDF format.

CE credits require a post-test assessment. The assessment is untimed and provided in writing on the course website. However, for individuals with visual impairments, or those that may benefit from an orally presented post-test and program evaluation, contact us. We will work with you to find an alternative option for completing the course post-test and program evaluation.

We remain available and open to ANY additional requests for format modification or additional assistance.

If any accommodations are needed to enroll or participate in the course, or complete the post-test and course evaluation, please contact us at

Access & Expiration Information

Once enrolling in a course, you will have 30 days to complete the post-test and course evaluation. If your access lapses before completing all tasks, you will need to re-enroll.

Once you have completed the post-test and program evaluation, your certificate will be immediately available for download. Access to the certificate will expire after 365 days. Find Empathy will keep course certificates on file for 7 years. If a certificate is needed, contact

You are allotted 3 retries to achieve the acceptable 75% passing grade.

Additional Information

This course is intended for psychologists and social workers.
It is also appropriate for mental health counselors and therapists.
The instructional level is at the introductory and intermediate level.

The primary format of the course is podcast; a non-interactive distance-learning recorded audio continuing education course.

It is available via all major podcast providers including, but not limited to Apple Podcasts, Google Play, Stitcher, Spotify, and more. You can also listen to the podcast via the player on our website or download it for free to your favorite digital device.

To ensure our course material is accessible, we also provide the content in video (with subtitles) and written forms.

There is no known commercial support or conflict of interest for this CE program, content, or instructor(s).

Contact us at We will do our best to return your email within 24-48 hours during business hours: Monday through Friday, 9am to 5pm eastern.

If you have any questions, concerns, or grievances please email us at

You can also see our grievance policy via the following link:

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